Jazz Poetry: Langston Hughes - Poetry Teatime
Jazz Poetry: Langston Hughes

Jazz Poetry: Langston Hughes

Langston Hughes was born February 1, 1902. He was a leader of the Harlem Renaissance, a movement of African-American writers, poets, and musicians that flourished in New York City in the 1920s.

Hughes’ poetry is closely connected to jazz music. In fact, he founded the style of poetry called “jazz poetry,” in which the rhythm of the poem when spoken aloud mirrors the sounds of jazz music.

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Hughes is also celebrated for his portrayal of the nuances of life as an African-American in the 1920s. He seemed to speak for a whole generation, using a simple style and syncopated rhythms. His message of celebrating black art no matter what critical recognition it received from the wider critical world was a powerful message to many young black artists at the time.

Although Hughes is best known for his poetry, he was also a prolific playwright and wrote two novels and six nonfiction books.

The following is one of Hughes’ most famous poems, titled “Harlem.”


What happens to a dream deferred?

Does it dry up
like a raisin in the sun?
Or fester like a sore—
And then run?
Does it stink like rotten meat?
Or crust and sugar over—
like a syrupy sweet?

Maybe it just sags
like a heavy load.

Or does it explode?

Here’s a more lighthearted Langston Hughes poem shared by one of our families:


If I had some small change
I’d buy me a mule,
Get on that mule and
Ride like a fool.

If I had some greenbacks
I’d buy me a Packard,
Fill it up with gas and
Drive that baby backward.

If I had a million
I’d get me a plane
And everybody in America’d
Think I was insane.

But I ain’t got a million,
Fact is, ain’t got a dime —
So just by if-ing
I have a good time!

And, lastly, if you’re looking to dig into civil rights issues with your kids, Hughes’ poem “Merry-Go-Round” is an excellent starting point.

Merry-Go-Round (Alternatively, Colored Child at Carnival)

Where is the Jim Crow section
On this merry-go-round,
Mister, cause I want to ride?
Down South where I come from
White and colored
Can’t sit side by side.
Down South on the train
There’s a Jim Crow car.
On the bus we’re put in the back—
But there ain’t no back
To a merry-go-round!
Where’s the horse
For a kid that’s black?

We also highly recommend the series Poetry for Young People and the volume of Langston Hughes’ poetry.

Poetry Corner: Langston Hughes

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